Migration Management Unit


IOM Ethiopia works in the areas of counter trafficking, irregular migration, combating migrant smuggling, Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR), capacity building in migration management, health, hygiene and sanitation, livelihoods assistance as well as emergency transportation to forced migrants and other vulnerable populations.

Over the past ten years, IOM has been engaged in implementing programs that aimed to support the efforts of Government of Ethiopia to effectively manage migration through a wide array of programme activities. IOM has worked in collaboration with federal, regional and local government partners as well as Civil Society and Nongovernmental Organizations in preventing human trafficking and irregular migration.

Intervention Focus Areas:

  • Providing direct assistance (including assisted voluntary return and reintegration) to stranded migrants and victims of trafficking
  • Awareness creation- outreach on irregular migration/human trafficking/smuggling
  • Capacity building to relevant government partners and civil society organization in the effort to mitigate and combat human trafficking and smuggling.
  • Facilitation of labour migration

Migratory Routes in Ethiopia

Ethiopians, mainly from the rural parts of Oromia, Amhara, Tigray, and SNNP National Regional State migrate in search of employment opportunities to neighbouring Djibouti, Somaliland, Sudan, Middle East, Europe and onward. Three main corridors of irregular migration have emerged over the past few years:

  • From the various parts of Ethiopia through Djibouti and Somalia to Yemen and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • From North-western Ethiopia through the border towns of Metema and Humera to Sudan to Egypt, Israel, Libya and beyond;
  • Mainly from Southern Ethiopia through Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi…