IOM acts with its partners of member states, civil society, and the international community to assist in meeting the operational challenges of migration; advance understanding of migration issues; encourage social and economic development through migration; and uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants. Under these principles, the Migration Health Unit (MHU) provides a spectrum of services to migrants. In Ethiopia, the core activities of IOM in the area of migration health fall under the resettlement program and include health assessments, vaccination activities, TB diagnosis and TB treatment under Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) and pre-departure medical services. The health assessments are conducted for migrants bound for Australia, Canada, USA and many European countries. IOM works in collaboration with UNHCR and other refugee health care implementing agencies such as Administration for Refugee Returnee Affairs (ARRA). In addition, the UK Tuberculosis
Detection Program (UKTBDP) has been implemented. Through the health assessment of migrants, IOM ensures that people moving under the auspices of IOM are fit to travel, that public health of the host country and the resettlement country is safeguarded during the migration process, and that migrants receive appropriate medical attention through all phases of migration.
Intervention Focus Areas:
pre-consular services: IOM provides pre-consular services such as DNA sample collection for UK, Italy, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. This is one of the tools toward family reunification.
HIV /AI DS, TB and Malaria: IOM supports the Government and other stakeholders in addressing HIV/ AIDS, TB, Malaria and other conditions in the context of population mobility in Ethiopia including collection, analysis, and dissemination of accurate, timely and relevant data. To address health related issues of migrants, IOM engaged in Partnership on Health and Mobility in East and Southern Africa (PHAMESA) framework, United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), UN HIV joint team, Ministry of Health and other health promotion activities.
IOM will focus on two prospective projects:
- service delivery to mobile workers in developmental corridors in Ethiopia
- support to MoH pastoralist directorate.
These are areas where diaspora engagement, specifically through knowledge and skills transfer, may contribute to strengthening of the health system.
Under IOM Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme (AVRR), returnees from the Middle East including Yemen, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Libya have been provided medical assistance and support.
The Migration Health Unit is expanding its activities to migration health concerns of mobile populations including trafficked persons, internal migrants and other vulnerable groups