The scale and complexity of contemporary human mobility requires effective management of the social, economic, political, developmental, environmental and humanitarian factors underpinning migration. Working at all stages of the migration process (pre-departure, departure, arrival, return), in close collaboration with the Government of Ethiopia, and guided by the principle of safe, orderly and humane migration, the Migration Management Unit works in the following intervention areas:
- Assistance to vulnerable migrants
IOM has provided lifesaving assistance to almost 20,000 stranded migrants in Metema, Moyale and Semera, is promoting livelihood security for communities in Amhara, Oromia and Tigray, and leading the creation of National Referral Mechanism for assistance and protection of vulnerable migrants.
- Assisted voluntary return and reintegration
IOM is facilitating the safe return and sustainable reintegration of Ethiopian migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and wish to voluntarily return home. Beneficiaries of AVRR comprise over 500,000 migrants from, among others, Libya, Yemen and the EU.
- Counter-human trafficking
Through the Community Conversations Programme being implemented in 50,000 Kebeles, assistance to 10,000 victims of trafficking, and training of law enforcement and other frontline agencies, IOM works provides leadership on all aspects of counter-trafficking–prevention, protection, and prosecution.
- Immigration and border management
The activities are aimed at supporting the Government on policy, legislation, administrative structures, operational systems and people necessary to effectively manage borders and facilitated beneficial human mobility.
- Labour migration
Through capacity-building, technical assistance and research, IOM is supporting the government and other stakeholders to promote ethical recruitment and safe labour migration practices for its nationals. Recently, the organization conducted an assessment of labour migration practices in Ethiopia and developed a practioners’ training manual.
- Migration and development
Working to maximize the developmental potential of migration, IOM is facilitating the placement of qualified Ethiopian professionals from the Netherlands in key ministries, mapping Ethiopia’s diaspora in Europe and North America, and facilitating the mainstreaming of migration in the SDGs.
- Migration and climate change
IOM is developing programming to prevent forced migration resulting from environmental factors to the extent possible, where forced migration does occur, to provide assistance and protection to affected populations, and to facilitate migration as an adaptation strategy to climate change.
- Migration management coordination mechanisms
IOM provides technical assistance to the National Anti-Trafficking Taskforce working groups. In Amhara, Oromia, Tigray and SNNP regional states, IOM is supporting the establishment of the Taskforce secretariats. Within the UN system, IOM convenes and United Nations Migration Working Group and will be coordinating implementation of the Global Compact for Migration.